Coin Collection For Beginners

Coin series become started out to begin with certainly for the cause of preserving valuable ones. It is a respectable hobby in trendy world. There are hundreds of collectors trying to get their arms on the uncommon cash that everyone’s seeking out. Although some of the creditors are in it just for the cash, many nevertheless admire this as an art orientated past time. Whatever the motives you want to get into this interest for, it is worth studying up a bit on how you could get began off to your series. We have just accomplished that, and this text is supposed for the ones of you who want to start out from scratch.

1. Keep your ears and eyes open
Any collector would inform you that this is how you can best get your hands on precious cash anyplace you may live. Coins have an uncanny habit of turning up in the maximum sudden of places, and that is why retaining your senses can get you a few first-rate cash to your series. Look difficult on the trade human beings come up with whilst you shop – very often collectors were passed treasured cash this way, by means of mistake. Do ask buddies and own family if they have any coins lying around the residence. At times you could find a piggy financial institution filled with historic cash that are not in movement any greater, and that would be a collectors’ dream come actual. If you do not have the staying power to look ahead to the cash to come back to you (as will happen eventually), you could always begin your collection off by means of shopping for a few cash from sellers who focus on that sort of factor. Getting a terrific coin series kit from a hobby shop is some other exact way to start out. You can also meet professional creditors – they are typically very inviting to someone new to the interest, and might even provide you with some cash which can be a no longer fitting of their series, to help you start out. Needless to say, those coins would probable not be the rare variety – however howdy it is a start anyway.

2. The Internet
The Internet has modified a lot in our day after day lifestyles, and yes you could clearly buy coins on the internet. You should buy cash on line on public sale web sites such as e-bay. At instances a collector desires to promote out his or her coins for monetary reasons, and you can search out an entire series this manner. You should study approximately the coins on the Internet after which determine on how plenty you may afford to pay for them. Usually you may get quite appropriate deals on e-bay. Another reason why it is good to start off by using shopping for a collection off the net is, human beings experience awkward talking face o face to professional when they’re new to the interest. So the internet can save you time, money in addition to a chunk of self admire, in case you are the type who is aware of factors like that.

Debate Between Standard Or Coin Operated Pool Tables

At a few point down the line, in all likelihood approximately or three years from now, I intend to open my personal little pool hall right here in my home town. Nothing too large, I assume, however I had been debating over many details, one in all which is “what’s the nice pool table?” for one of these commercial enterprise. I would possibly wind up choosing to put in a nice mizerak pool desk or three, and encompass only a couple coin operated pool tables.

But, relying on the dimensions of the vicinity that I pick out, I won’t need too many tables after all, and I may not want to fear approximately dishing out a rack of pool balls to every customer that is available in. If it really is the case, then I might choose to go with simplest the coin operated desk and have executed with it. I’m no longer certain yet. The jury is still out, hahaha. Here are some of my thoughts on the problem, to this point:

Why the surprising interest in coin operated pool tables? I suggest, I grew up gambling on candy, well maintained nine’ tables, proper? Why mess with old flame? Well, firstly, each coin-op table that I set up will supply me that small bit greater freedom inside my commercial enterprise to take care of some thing else instead of striking round at the counter awaiting clients to check-in or test-out. And any other aspect is that after a bit of looking round to see what exactly is on the market nowadays, I located a few excellent pool tables from a commercial enterprise named Shelti, out in Michigan. These men provide some truly sharp looking coin ops, and a number of them come with a awesome function: digital, programmable, dollar invoice/coin operated pool tables.

I think this is pretty neat! The control panels for those tables have LCD presentations, battery indicator, coin mechanism and dollar acceptor/stacker, a loose-play key switch, all secured through a metallic door and lock. Some cool options for programming allow for:

* general single-sport play
* timed play
* bonus pricing (for regulars and long-time period customers I think)
* satisfied hour pricing programmable via time and day of the week
* unfastened-play pricing usable for stuff like promotions or league play
* a velocity pool timer
* recreation audits (? Got no concept what that is but)
* even a “maximum coins” setting to limit the amount of time one organization of pool players should buy/occupy a desk

The simplest real disadvantage I can locate in the mean time for this design is that it seems to handiest be to be had for his or her eight’ desk and 7′ desk (despite the fact that the non-electronic coin operated pool table can be offered as a 9 footer). This is a bit of a bummer because I am a massive fan of nine’ tables, and handiest resort shooting pool on eight footers once I haven’t any actual preference for the event. And forget about approximately the ones 7 footers entirely, I imply significantly?

Another con against coin ops in trendy is that they’re (or was) a bit bit noisy, that is great in a busy and loud surroundings, however substantial and distracting in case you manifest to shoot pool on a quiet afternoon.

So, I’m still weighing the professionals and cons. I’m now not involved too much approximately exceptional and presentation as it appears that the exceptional of manufacturing nowadays is an awful lot stepped forward, and I can not in reality locate too negative a assessment between a coin operated pool table and a preferred pocketed pool desk so long as I am looking to shop for “new” – to shop for used pool tables or buy reasonably-priced pool tables from salvage, auction, or repossession might save me money but restrict my alternatives notably.

My choice will to begin with rely on the money I am capable of spend while the time comes. And then after that, I will should weigh the extra-efficiency of my time towards viable wanted mechanical maintenance, my general affinity for trendy tables, and my dislike of clunking, damn coin ops. Now, if the machines are genuinely a whole lot quieter than their older cousins and in the event that they require much less standard upkeep than decades in the past, there can be no actual desire to worry approximately in any respect.

Fake Gold Coins

If you’re accumulating gold cash or making an investment in them, there is a great risk that in the end you will be delivered to a dubious specimen that you could surprise about whether it’s a real thing or a counterfeit. It’s no longer clean at all to recognize fake gold cash and you can not spot them at the beginning (and in all likelihood even at remaining both), but you need to know at least a few matters which can help you not to fall right into a entice.

The oldest way to test if the coin is actual changed into sincerely biting it – please notice, I do not advocate doing it, however alternatively simply point out it. You must have visible it in movies about vintage instances, treasure hunters, and pirates. It may additionally appear ordinary however in fact, there’s a very rational reason behind it. Gold may be very gentle metallic, evaluating to some base metals, including copper or bronze for example, and biting a actual gold coin would go away a few teeth marks or at least go away a sense that it is biteable. Again, I would now not advocate trying out faux gold cash this way for 2 motives: if it’s a fake, you may ruin your enamel, and if it is a actual component, you may ruin it with the aid of biting (and probable break your enamel besides).

Another manner to check if the coin is a fake is to listen how it jangles. Fake gold cash sound dull and boring in keeping with humans who have superb ears. Again, this test might also as a substitute be no longer always reliable and you would need to spend years listening to actual and faux gold coins to find out how to inform them apart.

Nevertheless, jokes aside, the most reliable manner to test in case your coin is real, is to invite a expert. Get you coin on your local coin dealer and most probably he or she will be able to have sufficient revel in and suitable gadget to check if your treasure is real. There’re numerous gadgets advanced for this purposes, but they will be pretty pricey, hence now not usually accessible or cheap for widespread public fiddling with gold cash.

There’re some things again that you can attempt even when you have no get right of entry to to or preference to communicate with your local coin dealer:

Check for the coin info. If you do not have a actual coin to evaluate with, discover a photo online and compare very little element of the original with the only you are checking. Look at the distance among letters, examine the dimensions and wide variety of factors – it is able to sound stupid, but counterfeiters do miss such simple matters for some cause and that they even do grammar mistake, specially when then do it in overseas languages, so test spelling as well.

Find a coin forum (CoinForum as an instance), end up a member, and ask there – there’re masses of real experts and they will assist you or at least will give you a few suggestions. You can generally attach a hyperlink to an internet web page or positioned a picture of the coin in question.

Check the coin weight and length. If you do not have a coin catalogue, you may nearly usually discover these info online. Fake gold cash are normally lighter and once in a while even smaller in diameter.

Check the coin rim (facet). Fake gold coins from time to time are made in halves and then soldered or glued together and occasionally you may see a completely skinny (or no longer very thin) seam at the rim of a fake coin.

Dare your supplier to make an “acid check” – gold is a noble metallic so it’ll no longer react or dissolve in nitric or sulphur acid. Hmm, this one is a chunk too severe as though your coin isn’t 99.9% quality gold, which is quite common for actual gold cash, the check will still harm the coin, so this one is to your data most effective.

Coin Collecting and Cataloging

Coin accumulating has loads extra to it than simply getting some coin sets and keeping them on display or in a drawer somewhere. The most adept coin collectors want to catalog their coins well. A written report of your coin series is what makes you a real collector, instead of simply an accumulator of coins. And it’s also essential so that you can constantly hold track of what you have got, offered, and sold through the years, as well as changes in cost.

A catalog of coin sets and collections is vital for an expansion of reasons. One, it makes it simpler for every body whom you may pass your collection down to, to understand the price of it and liquidate it without problems in the event that they aren’t going to maintain it for themselves. You also want a catalog because the IRS calls for records that supports purchases and sales of cash, as well as any received as a gift.

Cataloging means you may be paying attention to some matters. You need to put in writing down the cash name, how lots you initially paid for it, as well as its contemporary fee (so that you can be ever converting and is right to preserve up to date as often as possible). You’ll always need to word other things like any deformities, uncommon traits, and preferred condition.

There are numerous approaches you may start a catalog of your coin units and you need to probable use multiple. Handwriting it in a notebook is a should. There’s a ton of digital methods to report your records, but not anything is a better backup than a hand written log.

You also can use a checklist to catalog. There are many to be found on line and print out, which while not as unfastened form as a pocket book, might also give you a better comprehensive list, in addition to give you ideas of coin units you could need to accumulate within the destiny. A spreadsheet is also a great tool to use and can be completely customizable on your desires. It can fit your notebook catalog a piece better, so it can be smart to have a pocket book and a spreadsheet for your computer so that you could have distinctive backups.

Software is some other desire and most can be observed for any finances. They range from cheaper to a piece more costly, relying at the functions and extent of the coin data it consists of. It may be beneficial for those who don’t need to need to do an excessive amount of paintings on their personal, but can just enter records effortlessly. No remember what you pick, having a catalog of collectible coins is one of the most essential matters you may do as a collector.

Easy Coin Magic Tricks For Any Occasion

The truth is that most coin magic tricks are not, in reality, tricks. They require an first-rate quantity of talent and exercise on the part of the performer to perfect. After all, the hand is faster than the attention. And coin magic tricks are all about simple moderate of hand and misdirection.

In this text we can be taking a look at a number of the handiest and maximum commonplace coin hints.

The French Drop

This might be the maximum famous coin trick of all time. It begins when the magician suggests the coin to the target market. This have to be a coin that is large sufficient and shinny sufficient for the target audience to see. Your excellent wager is to use an everyday region or a half-greenback. These cash are easy to study, specially if you are wearing white gloves.

Then you absolutely preserve the coin in your left hand and faux to grab it with the proper hand. But as opposed to taking maintain of it, the coin is left to drop into the left palm where the magician speedy conceals it from the target audience. Lastly, he shakes and waves the right hand and exhibits that the coin has vanished. Afterward, he may also make it reappear from behind the ear or from the nostril of an audience member or assistant.

Though coin tricks can be completed via all people, they do, as we noted, require pretty a chunk of practice in addition to near interest to element. While the techniques may be simple, it takes talent and ability to drag them off flawlessly. And that is typically the distinction among an awesome trick and a terrible trick. In the give up it regularly comes down to talent.

Another amazing thing approximately coin magic tricks is that they get others worried inside the trick, and this is precisely what you want to interrupt the ice and get a communication started. All you need to do is ask someone to borrow a few silver and you can carry out a number of coin magic hints.

And make no mistake about it an skilled magician can do pretty a bit with a easy coin. He could make it disappear and reappear at will. He can locate alternate behind someone’s ear, in their nostril or even of their footwear. Of route, all of those tricks use primary strategies like palming, misdirection and slight of hand, however that doesn’t cause them to any less awesome.

Earlier we explained the French Drop due to the fact it’s far one of the maximum reliable coin hints that make use of the various abilties it takes to perform a a hit coin magic trick. The reality is that if you can master a popular trick like the French Drop, then you are likely equipped for bigger and higher matters. And, as we mentioned, magic is all about getting to know a few primary strategies that you can then construct on and later perform some of the extra tough and individual hints.

Selling Silver Coins You Have Saved All These Years

People promoting silver cash is a acquainted web site to coin dealers worldwide. Activity of this kind in reality choices up as silver and gold markets flow to new highs. Even whilst costs seesaw up and down throughout a primary market, a constant glide common silver cash stored from years inside the past movements from attics, basements, and vintage wardrobe drawers into the commonplace bin at the neighborhood coin save.

Dealers purchase those cash at some wide variety times face price, and promote them at a few higher wide variety instances face.

What is incorrect with this photograph? Nothing genuinely. You get to dump a myriad amount of cash you know are worth greater to sell than to spend, with little more attempt than the haul down to the nearby coin shop. As I write this, in the Fall of 2008, you have to be able to get, say, seven instances face value on your cash.

The coin supplier, relying on how he runs his business, can also or may not seek your cash for rare and scarce dates that he can promote at a premium. Even if he fails to try this he can nonetheless effortlessly sell the cash into the junk silver market, or over-the-counter to folks that feel that having the various antique 90% silver coins may come in available must the economy completely collapse.

But, if you have a chunk more time to spend at the challenge, recall searching through your coins for the ones that may be really worth more than mere bullion fee. There are belongings you want to realize approximately the silver coins your grandfather tossed right into a jar so many years ago. It is not not possible that one or more of your coins is rare, and worth much extra than soften value.

For instance, did you understand that:

During WWII the mint made silver nickels from 1942 via 1945. These have a huge letter S, D, or P above the dome of Monticello at the back of every coin. These letters are mint marks that stand for San Francisco, Denver, and Philadelphia.
The scarce dates amongst Mercury Dimes, the dimes where Lady Liberty seems to have wings in her hair, are the 1916-D, 1921, and 1921-D.
Even Washington Quarters can command a top class, in particular the 1932-D.
Any Liberty Standing Quarter with a clean, four digit date might be better offered on eBay than turned in as junk silver.
The scarce dates amongst Liberty Walking Half Dollars are 1916, 1916-S, 1921, 1921-D, and 1938-S.

Who is aware of, through taking the problem to look over your coins before you hustle them out the door, you could find them interesting. They are, after all, artifacts from your family history. What do you assume was purchased while each of these cash became acquired in trade?

Do be careful. You may additionally emerge as interested. You may additionally grow to be involved enough to save a number of those coins, placing them into collector albums. Before you understand it, you are a coin collector.

Rare American Coins and the Early Development of US Silver Dollars

The American colonies began out without any in their personal coinage, so they used overseas coins. Spanish milled 8 Reales have been the most broadly used. The 8 Reales was officially sanctioned with the aid of congress as felony gentle till 1869.

Eight Reales have been normally called pieces of 8, due to the fact one actual was 1/eight of the coin that transformed in our device to twelve ½ cents. It became also nicknamed a “bit”. A region then changed into 2 bits.

In the beginning, man or woman colonies minted their very own cash for trade. Massachusetts was the first colony to begin minting coins. Before the modern conflict, various forged and colony minted cash circulated for trade, in addition to falling again at the barter device.

At the time of the revolution, all cash in America were uncommon. Britain really failed to supply the colonies with money.

In the Articles of Confederation of 1781, individual states were allowed to coin money. Congress regulated the alloy and fee of coins for fungibility among the states.

NH, VT, CT, MA & NJ started out minting their very own cash with the dollar named after the German Thaler (suggested taller) and based totally on the scale of the 8 Reales. One ounce silver crown length cash were not unusual in Europe and our popular was primarily based on what turned into in general use at the time.

Thomas Jefferson proposed the greenback be divisible by means of 100 to remove confusion approximately values. Silver served as the idea for the dollar and gold as foundation for the five greenback and above economic devices.

By 1787, the United States Government contracted with existing Massachusetts personal mints to strike the primary U.S. Coins. Then, in 1792, Congress exceeded a decision to begin a Federal Mint for country wide coinage. They located the first US mint in Philadelphia.

In the beginning, silver and gold needed to be provided by the public. These metals were made into coins and returned to authentic owner to be used in commerce. Copper however was abundant sufficient to be provided through the new authorities.

These new cash had treasured steel content material barely higher than the face fee, so that they have been frequently melted for his or her bullion. They had been spent abroad more advantageously than at domestic. Therefore, early US coins both flowed in another country, or were melted down almost as soon as they left the mint, leaving few for home commerce.

Coins continue to be rare in America even after they have been being minted with the aid of the United States government.

The trouble became so bad that President Jefferson suspended gold and silver coinage in 1804. Fractional coinage persevered to be minted on a restricted foundation from 1794-1834. Even at that time, there was less than one coin per man or woman in wellknown movement.

The hassle become sooner or later solved in 1837 with new legal guidelines governing coinage. The laws changed the standards, weights, accounting strategies, and fineness tolerances (alloy), so their use in trade become now favorable. By 1838 US coinage became in the end appropriate in trade and had emerge as extra solid.

This become achieved by means of lowering the weight of gold and silver cash under their denominational values. Arrows commenced for use on fractional silver coins to signify the lighter weight variations.

Spanish cash had been sooner or later retired from move via 1859.

Strangely, silver bucks did not flow into an awful lot in the 19th century, even though they have been struck almost continuously from 1840 until 1904. Silver bucks sat in bank vaults ready to redeem paper silver certificates. Silver dollars were plenty greater famous in the west than inside the east, where they had been nearly never used.

Coin Collectors Types or Specialties

Coin amassing is considered the right interest, “The Hobby of Kings.” It allows you to collect a piece of history and on the equal time acquire a piece of wealth. Who doesn’t like that? This hobby dates again to the early 1400’s and failed to in reality emerge as wide unfold round the arena until the early 1900s.

When gathering coins you could fall in to 3 different organizations. People collect coin for a many special reasons. These motives can be for amusing or basically for getting cash from their series. We are going to describe the subsequent coin accumulating classes:

1.The Laid-Back/Informal Collector: These are creditors who collect specifically for entertainment. The Laid-Back collector typically loves their cash and are interested in understanding their history behind them. Type of collector tends to pass their coins right down to their family. A Laid-Back collector my start accumulating simplest for the enjoyment now and again later on begin to recognise income from the coins they collect.

2.The Inquisitive Collector: These are the creditors who accumulating cash with the aim of making a profit, they’re pretty knowledgeable and do not have a problem investing a chunk to collect a new coin. The Inquisitive collector evaluate the fee of the coins by means of check its circumstance to a valuation books. They have the competencies to separate a treasured coin from different common coins.

3.The Sophisticated Collector: The sophisticated collector collects coins entirely as an asset. They keep their eyes at the search for the rarest cash. These may be older cash, coins from sunken ships, constrained versions, error cash and cash out of circulation. These kinds are the most tough to locate and the sophisticated collector might not have trouble paying pinnacle price for an extraordinary coin if one is located. So they may quite lots purchase uncommon coins from everybody who’s inclined to sell, predominantly from the specialized broking. Sophisticated collectors are unique from each Laid-Back and Inquisitive collector chiefly in the stage of knowledge.

If you trying to end up collector take your time to locate what category to put yourself into. Your cause will deter mind your method. No remember what you make a decision, make sure your selection is something your secure with and stay linked to the network. By studying this you ought to get a rough idea of the group you presently or would love to belong to. There is not any limit to what you could do.

To Collect Coins You Really Need Connections

To gather cash isn’t always what most people think about as a coronary heart stopping, pulse racing, knuckle biting way to wring out the tensions of the workday. This is a hobby of quiet contemplation.

Right?

OK, so NASCAR it isn’t. But nevertheless, for the sort of calm hobby, there do appear to be quite a number coin creditors, in particular in the US. More than you’ll assume, if most of these passionately concerned individuals are just, uh, filling up holes in an album.

What goes on right here? What are a majority of these people considering, and why do they so revel in what this interest appears to be giving them? What is the relationship?

Ask any coin collector approximately his hobby inside the interest and you’ll see certain patterns of connection emerge.

Collecting Money is Fun

Most people have a chunk of avarice in our personalities. Those pix of gold bars in Fort Knox, and the stacks of twenty dollar gold cash from the S. S. Central America sitting upon on the sea floor at eight,000 feet under the floor are thrilling. Would or not it’s a laugh to have even one gold coin?

Touching History

Suppose you are a middle faculty trainer of social research or records, and also you want to break thru for your magnificence in a tangible way. Coins have existed in one form or any other for two,500 years or so. They are a fabricated from a people, a time, and a place.

There are cash available at affordable cost, even to scholar creditors, from the various vast instances in records. Usually they will be well worn instead of pristine. All the higher. A properly circulated coin has Been There. Who can say if the 1863 Indian Head cent your student brings into class changed into now not within the pocket of a Union artilleryman at Gettysburg?

Kinship

Many young coin creditors get their begin from a relative who had a few coins left over from a protracted in the past ride overseas. Or, as in my case, from a splendid grandmother who owned a small dry items store within the Canton location of Baltimore all through the final decades of the nineteenth century.

Receiving cash from long in the past that contact your own family records brings a sense of participation, albeit through inheritance, within the life of lengthy in the past.

The Hunt

As a brand new collector delves into the hobby, an attention of the terrific depth and breadth of coinage takes maintain. This is especially real as one enters a large coin display in a major town. Looking over the enormous expanse of dealer tables upon coming into the room may be like ones first view of the sea.

What super coin awaits my discovery?

David W. Baker has amassed coins due to the fact age 11 — so, extra than half a century. Coins have been a pleasing distraction for him through the years. Though he is by no means been a coin provider, he has have occasionally offered a coin or two at a pleasant profit, whilst the marketplace become proper. These stories taught him a chunk approximately coin cost inside the marketplace. But, he would be the first to say that his best satisfaction with coins has been the hooks they should records and different regions of studying. Dave says that he can by no means quite get past the feeling that, if any of his coins should talk, the testimonies would be valuable!

Coin Collecting Fun And Profitable

Coin amassing has evolved into a hobby this is really thrilling and might even grow to be financially rewarding. The older the coin, the higher. Search underneath that antique couch or chest of drawers, or possibly the attic in which you keep grandma and grandpa’s antique matters. You can be lucky sufficient to come across a vintage coin in which at latest price, would possibly simply grow to be being really worth three, five, or perhaps ten instances what is changed into well worth while it became first struck.

Not simplest can coin gathering grow to be stimulating and worthwhile, but you could examine an entire lot of records approximately the severa years in which the cash have been minted in. Just about all coinage minted own a few sort of past about them which could make them unique in addition to profitable to the person who finds them.

To provide you with a few kind of idea approximately what coins may be presently worth while compared to once they have been struck, let me provide you multiple examples.

During 1943, clearly there was a trendy scarcity of copper inside the United States due to the arena warfare. During that time the pennies were comprised of metal instead for copper. Unfortunately, there have been quite a few Lincoln pennies that had been mistakenly struck upon bronze which alas ended up being blanks.

Quite a while or maybe a few years later on, these styles of bronze pennies have come to be a lack. Consequently they are presently deemed to be well worth a extremely good deal via coin amassing fans and collectors. The metallic ones however, because of their commonality, manifest to be worth just someplace between one to three greenbacks every.

However, to think about that coming across a number of the bronze pennies, or maybe one of the metallic pennies may be actually really worth a whole lot greater than what the actual face value of the coin have been in the time minting.

Take observe that in spite of the fact there currently exists plots wherein gullible coin collectors have purchased cash which may be copper plated with a purpose to try and make these types of cents are believed to be bronze. Be careful any time a person provides you with a circa 1943 cent constituted of a metal whitened metallic.

There is additionally a Lincoln penny which were released throughout 1972 where the actual date along with the letters on them seem to have doubled. This passed off honestly because the Philadelphia Mint, the location wherein the coin changed into being fabricated, by way of twist of fate misaligned the die utilized for the minting of the coin.

The final effects due to this misalignment has been a image of Lincoln in which the figure had taken on a double appearance. However, eight thousand of these precise cash circulated earlier than the blunder was visible. This uncommon coin presently is really worth about sixty greenbacks, need to those pennies tend to be in everyday condition.

Coinage, specifically the silver dollars fabricated and posted between the years 1878 via 1935 are well worth anywhere from twelve to 20-five greenbacks for the distributed cash. Any cash that had been not in circulation have a tendency to be honestly well worth drastically more.

Also, the dimes, quarters, as well as 1/2 greenbacks which were minted and dispensed prior to 1965 had been typically made from 90 percent silver. That is why these coins are worth plenty more as compared to the face price of the coin mainly due to the fact the modern-day silver charges keep to head up.

In final, coin accumulating is much like accumulating modest bits of records and trivialities from the beyond. And, as time is going on, maximum of these tiny bits of treasure turn out to be truly well worth increasingly more. Coin accumulating can be a extraordinary way to get the entire own family inquisitive about a spare time pastime that can be exciting, worthwhile, and fun to learn about.